July 20, 2024
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Step-by-Step Guide to Salah Digitalislamicguide

Step-by-Step Guide to Salah: Performing Islamic Prayer Correctly

Salah, also known as Islamic prayer, is a fundamental pillar of Islam. It’s a direct connection between a Muslim and Allah (God). This guide will explain each step of performing Salah, along with its significance.

Preparing for Prayer: Ensuring Purity and Focus

  1. Cleanliness (Wudu or Ghusl): Before prayer, Muslims achieve a state of ritual purity by performing either wudu (ablution) or ghusl (full body shower). Wudu involves washing specific parts of the body with water, while ghusl is required after certain events like sexual intercourse or menstruation. This cleansing symbolizes both physical and spiritual preparation for prayer.
  2. Facing the Qibla: Muslims focus their attention towards the Kaaba, the cubical structure in Mecca, considered the holiest site in Islam. This direction is called the Qibla. Mosques have a built-in indicator for the Qibla, but you can use a compass or online tools to determine it at home. Focusing on the Qibla signifies unity and direction in worship for Muslims worldwide.
  3. Prayer Timing: There are five specific times throughout the day for each obligatory prayer: Fajr (dawn), Zuhr (afternoon), Asr (mid-afternoon), Maghrib (sunset), and Isha (night). These timings are based on the position of the sun and ensure prayers are spread throughout the day, keeping Muslims connected with their faith.

Step One: Preparation Is Key

It’s important to prepare for Salah. Set aside some time to set an alarm on your phone so you don’t miss any of the five daily prayers.

Firstly, you need to be in a state of purification (wudu) before wearing clothes to cover your awrah; men should cover themselves from their abdomen to knees, while women should cover everything except their hands, feet and face.

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You should find a nice clean space to perform Salah, perhaps opting to use a prayer mat, and ensure you won’t be disturbed.

Step Two: Face Qibla

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When performing Salah, you need to ensure you’re always facing the direction of the Ka’bah. So check precisely which direction it is depending on where you are in the world. For example, in the UK, Muslims should face South-East. Feel free to use an app or a compass to make sure you’re facing the right direction.

Step Three: Make Niyyah

Once you are set up and facing the qibla, start your Salah by making your intention (niyyah) to finish wudu and enter a true state of purification. It’s up to you how to make niyyah: it can either be said out loud or silently in your head; in Arabic or in your own language.

Step Four: Enter a State of Ihram

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When you are ready to start Salah, raise your hands and say “Allahu Akbar,” meaning “God is the greatest” in English. Men should raise their hands up to their ears while women raise their hands up to their shoulders.

At this point, you are in a state in which nothing should distract you and your sole focus should be on praying to Allah.

Step Five: Begin Reciting for Salah

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Reciting is a large part of performing Salah. Men place their right hand over their left on their abdomen while women place their hands over their chest and begin reciting Sana:

“Subhanaka Allah humma wa bihamdika, wa tabaraka ismuka, wa ta-‘aala jadduka, wa la ilaaha ghairuk.”

 “O Allah, praise and glory be to you. Blessed is Your Name, and exalted is Your Majesty. There is no God but You.”

This is then followed by reciting Ta’awadh and Tasmiah:

“Auudhu bi Allah I mina ashaitan irrajeem.”

“I seek Allahs’ protection from the condemned Satan.”

“Bismillah irrahmani raheem.”

 “In the name of Allah, the most gracious and merciful.”

Step Six: Recite Surahs

Continue Salah by reciting the Surah al-Fatihah before reciting another verse from the Qur’an. It’s entirely up to you which one you choose. You have to read at least three verses or one long one that’s equivalent to three shorter verses.

Step Seven: Bow Down to Allah

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After reciting your surah, say “Allahu Akbar” as you bow into the Ruku position with your hands on your knees and back straight.

Say “subhana rabbiya al-azeem” three times before straightening back up and saying “Samia Allahu liman hamdiah” .

Step Eight: Prostrate

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After saying “Allahu Akbar” once more, get into the Sujud position with your face, palms and knees all touching the floor and say “subhana rubbiyal a’alaa” three times.

Sit up as you say “Allahu Akbar” again and get into a sitting position. Return to the Sujud position before standing up once more, making sure to say “Allahu Akbar” each time you change position.

Step Nine: Recite Tashahud

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Return to the sitting position mentioned earlier and recite Tashahud:

“Attahiyatu lil Allah, was-salawaatu wat-tayyibaat. Assalamu’alayka aiyohan nabiyyu wa rahmatu Allah wa barakaatu. Assalamu’alayana wa’alaa ‘ibaadi-llahi saliheen.”

“All greetings, prayers and good deeds are for Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us and upon us and the righteous servants of Allah.”

Then, while keeping your hand on your knee, raise just the index finger of your right hand as you continue reciting:

“Ashhadu alla ilaaha illa Allahu wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluh.”

“I bear witness that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.”

Step Ten: Do Salaam

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To finish Salah, turn your head over both your right and then left shoulder, each time reciting:

“Assalamu a’laykum wa rahmatu Allah.”

Salah is an integral part of Islam and holds a special place in the hearts of Muslims around the world. It’s a profound act of devotion that strengthens the bond between you and Allah.

Whether you’re just beginning your journey into Islam or are looking to deepen your understanding, Salah is a source of peace, guidance and a reminder of Allah’s mercy and love


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